The Citizen Lab is an interdisciplinary laboratory based at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, Canada focusing on advanced research and development at the intersection of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), human rights, and global security. Learn more »

In Focus

Tibetan Uprising Day Malware Attacks

Hundreds of members of the Tibetan community are being targeted by email-based malware attacks that leverage the March 10 Tibetan Uprising anniversary as a theme. This report analyzes two March 10 related attacks. One using a new malware family we call MsAttacker , and another using the ShadowNet malware family and command and control infrastructure related to previous campaigns that targeted the Tibetan community.

Hacking Team Reloaded? US-Based Ethiopian Journalists Again Targeted with Spyware

The research findings documented in this report suggest that Hacking Team may have continued to provide updated versions of its spyware to the same attacker who have targeted ESAT journalists based in the United States in 2014, despite reports of use of the spyware against journalists.

Call for Proposals: Citizen Lab Summer Institute 2015

The Citizen Lab Summer Institute on Monitoring Internet Openness and Rights is a series of intensive research workshops hosted annually at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.

Research News

Malware Attack Targeting Syrian ISIS Critics

This report describes a malware attack on a Syrian citizen media group critical of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Though we are unable to conclusively attribute the attack to ISIS or its supporters, a link to ISIS is plausible. The malware used in the attack differs substantially from campaigns linked to the Syrian regime, and the attack is against a group that is an active target of ISIS forces. In the interest of highlighting a developing threat, this post analyzes the attack and provides a list of Indicators of Compromise.

མི་མང་གི་ཚོགས་སྡེ་ཁག་ལ་རྒྱུན་མཐུད་པའི་གློག་ཀླད་ཀྱི་དྲ་འབུའི་རྒོལ་རྡུང་འཕྲད་བཞིན་པ།

Summary of our report, entitled “Communities @ Risk: Targeted Digital Threats Against Civil Society,” in the Tibetan language.

Schrodinger’s Cat Video and the Death of Clear-Text

This report provides a detailed analysis of two products sold for facilitating targeted surveillance known as network injection appliances. These products allow for the easy deployment of targeted surveillance implants and are being sold by commercial vendors to countries around the world. Compromising a target becomes as simple as waiting for the user to view unencrypted content on the Internet.

Information Controls during Thailand’s 2014 Coup

The May 2014 coup d’etat in Thailand was the 19th coup attempt in the country’s history. It stands out from previous coups due to the military junta’s focus on information controls. In this report we document the results of network measurements to determine how the Internet is currently being filtered in Thailand and discuss other forms of information control implemented in the coup’s aftermath.

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Lab News

Morgan Marquis-Boire on Babar and Casper malware

Citizen Lab Senior Security Researcher Morgan Marquis-Boire contributed to research related to Babar, a piece of malware believed to have been produced by the French government. The software is capable of eavesdropping on online conversations, such as those held on Skype, MSN, and Yahoo Messenger.

Call for Proposals: Citizen Lab Summer Institute 2015

The Citizen Lab Summer Institute on Monitoring Internet Openness and Rights is a series of intensive research workshops hosted annually at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.

OECD finds actions of Gamma International to be in violation of human rights

The OECD concluded that Gamma International had failed to act consistently their guidelines, which require businesses to do appropriate due diligence in their operations, ensuring that negative human rights effects are avoided.

Citizen Lab at RightsCon 2015

The Citizen Lab will be hosting two sessions, “Asia Chats” and “Filtering Free Expression,” at the RightsCon 2015 conference in Manila, Philippines.

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